Parenting has changed in the last ten years as kids increasingly live out their lives online. Parenting in the digital age does require some new awareness, but it is not difficult to do.
Begin by modeling positive behavior: Take breaks from technology, establish no cell phone or other device time, collect phones or use docking stations at night, and model civility both online and offline.
Talk to your kids about what sites are okay and what sites are off-limits: Don’t just tell kids not to go to inappropriate websites, help them understand why these sites are against your personal values, morals, or ethics.
Talk to your kids in a developmentally appropriate manner about the “grooming” techniques that are used by online predators. Kids should know that individuals might hide their true identity online. They should avoid responding to individuals who request personal information or photos. Teens should understand how nude photo sharing could lead to exploitation and extortion.
Discuss behaviors you want them to embrace and what behaviors you want them to avoid: Online learning, research, creating, communicating and sharing ideas and projects are positive behaviors. Yet there are negative behaviors to avoid such as cyber bullying, inappropriate site, photo or video sharing, plagiarizing and cheating. Remind your kids that anything shared digitally can potentially be public and permanent.
Educate yourself about appropriate ways to monitor your child’s digital world. Use monitoring to encourage conversations and “course corrections” when necessary. Be careful not to over-react, but use this information to ask questions and have teachable moments.
The following are tools and practices that can assist you:
- Set up agreements on what sites and behaviors are okay, but let your children know you will be monitoring to make sure they follow your family guidelines. Monitoring is especially appropriate with new users of social media. But recognize that it is nearly impossible to monitor all of the devices and apps that children are using on a regular basis.
- Encourage your kids to be upstanders rather than bystanders. Kids rarely intervene when they witness bullying and cyberbullying, but when they do it is usually effective. Discuss strategies that can help their peers and how demonstrating courage can help others. Highlight that private support and listening can be just as effective as intervening in the moment.
The following websites offer great tips for parents and teens: