I recently had the opportunity to hear Dr. Tracy Vaillancourt from the University of Ottawa present fascinating research on the effects of bullying. Her research suggests that bullying has far more long-reaching consequences for some youth then previously thought. The now archived webinar, “Bullying Gets under Your Skin” is a must view for anyone who cares about preventing child maltreatment in general and bullying specifically.
Of particular note is that bullying is now being recognized as a form of trauma that impacts the stress response and even alters gene expression in some individuals which leads to long term physical and mental health issues. In the webinar Dr. Vaillancourt describes how depression is the leading cause of disability world-wide and the majority of mental health problems among adults began in childhood or adolescence. While it is easy to assume that internalizing problems precede a child being targeted by bullying, research demonstrates that the reverse is frequently true. The majority of youth who experience depression and anxiety related to bullying did not have internalizing problems prior to their being targeted by bullying. While there are moderators that impact negative outcomes for youth such as a supportive home environment, it is clear that bullying is a public health issue that warrants our attention.
Psychologist Alfred Adler theorized many decades ago that children have a fundamental need to belong and when this is interrupted healthy functioning decreases. Dr. Vaillancourt also posits in the webinar how fundamental the need to belong is and suggests as bullying interrupts this sense of belonging the consequences are far-reaching. In summary, if we are committed to preventing depression and other mental health issues among adults we need to focus more heavily on preventing bullying among children.